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2013年12月14日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题,供考生参考,以下是沪江网校提供的英语四级听力短文1原文:

  But high education costs coincide with slower growth of the Chinese
economy and surging unemployment among recent college graduates. Whether
young people like Ms. Wu find jobs on graduation that allow them to earn
a living, much less support their parents, could test China’s ability to
maintain rapid economic growth and preserve political and social
stability in the years ahead。

  2013年12月大学英语四级考试

  Leaving the Village

  Part III Listening Comprehension

  The ancient village of Mu Zhu Ba is perched on a tree-covered crag
overlooking a steep-sided mountain gorge in southwestern Shaanxi
province, deep in China’s interior, 900 miles southwest of Beijing. The
few scarce acres of flat land next to a stream on the valley floor were
reserved until recently for garden-size plots of rice, corn and
vegetables。

  Listening Passage 1

  Villagers were subsistence farmers. Every adult and all but the
youngest children worked from dawn to dusk, planting, weeding,
hand-watering and harvesting rice, corn and vegetables to feed
themselves. They also built and maintained three-foot-wide terraces
where the sides of the valley began to curve upward before turning into
vertiginous, forested slopes that soared into the clouds。

  Donna Fredrick’s served with the Peace Corps for two years in
Brazil. She joined the Peace Corps after she graduated from the college
because she wanted to do something to help other people. She had been
brought up on a farm, so the Peace Corps assigned her to a agricultural
project. Before she went to Brazil, she studied Portuguese for three
months. She also learnt a great deal about its history and culture.
During her two years with the Peace Corps, Donna lived in a village in
northeast Brazil. That part of Brazil is very dry and farming is often
difficult there. Donna helped the people of the village to organise an
arrigation project, and she also advised them on planting corps. They
didn’t require much water. When Donna returned to the States, she
couldn’t settle down. She tried several jobs, but they seemed very
boring to her. She couldn’t get Brazil out of her mind. Finally, one day
she got on an plane and went back to Brazil. She wasn’t sure what she’s
going to do. She just wanted to be there. After a few weeks, Donna found
a job as an English teacher, teaching five classes a day. Like most of
the teachers, she doesn’t make much money. She shares a small apartment
with another teacher. And she makes a little extra money by sending
stories to newspapers in the States. Eventually she wants to quit
teaching and work as a full-time journalist。

  The relentless work left little opportunity for education. Mrs. Cao,
now 39, learned to read some Chinese characters at first- and
second-grade classes conducted in her village. But later grades were
taught at a school in a larger village at the other end of the valley, a
seven-mile walk away, and Mrs. Cao dropped out in third grade。

  Question 16

  Her husband, now 43, grew up in a similarly poor village on the
other side of the mountain and did not attend school at all。

  Why did Donna join the Peace Corps after she graduated from college?

  They married early, and Mrs. Cao had just turned 20 when she gave
birth to Ms. Wu. The couple earned just $25 a month. As their baby grew
into a toddler, they began worrying that she would inevitably drop out
of school early if she had to walk so far to classes every day. So like
hundreds of millions of other Chinese over the last two decades, they
decided to leave their ancestral village and their families。

  Question 17

  “All the parents in the village want their children to go to
college, because only knowledge changes your fate,” Mrs. Cao said。

  What was Donna assigned to do in Brazil?

  By the time Ms. Wu reached middle school, the crystalline mountain
air of Mu Zhu Ba was a dim memory. The family had moved to Hanjing, a
coal mining community on the plains of northern Shaanxi province, nearly
300 miles northeast of their ancestral village。

  Question 18

  A Coal Miner’s Daughter

  Why did Donna go back to Brazil once again?

  Mr. Wu built the family’s two-room brick house himself. They bought
their first small refrigerator, a coal stove and a used stereo, and a
bare light bulb for the living room and another for the bedroom。

  Question 19

  The house, on the town’s rural outskirts, was across a two-lane
paved road from a small coal mine where Mr. Wu learned to maneuver a
shoulder-carried, 45-pound electric drill in narrow spaces far under the
earth, working long shifts and coming home covered with coal dust. He
earned nearly $200 a month then, providing more money to educate their
daughter. In the family bedroom, where calendar posters of the actress
Zhang Ziyi had been plastered on the wall for extra insulation, Mrs. Cao
carefully kept all of her daughter’s school papers. Wu Caoying was in
seventh grade, but her village school was already teaching her geometry
and algebra at a level beyond most American seventh graders. She was
also studying geography, history and science, filling homework notebooks
with elegant penmanship。

  How did Donna make extra money to support herself?

  The problem was English, an increasingly important subject for
students who wanted to qualify for anything but the worst universities。

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