四级英语样卷:

  2014年6月英语四级六级考试即将开始,我们真正能够有效复习的时间已经不多了。如何在短时间内提高成绩?我们要有针对性地了解考点和对策。今天帮大家解决一个最棘手也是最能短时间内突破的版块。

图片 1四级作文样卷

  听力35%;阅读35%;写作翻译30%

  六级作文样卷 

  写作和翻译:实质就是汉译英:汉译英的障碍就是语法和词汇——语法:语序+嵌套

  “Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s need, but not every man’s greed。” 

  形式最重要!!!高级词汇+复杂局势+过渡衔接

  预测一 Living alone or Living with Roommates?

  字数:120~180

  1. 有人认为大学里应独自生活  

  核心语法定语从句:

  2. 另一些认为大学里应与别人同住 

  A is …, which can …

  3. 你的看法 

  身份/属性;成就和功能。

  预测二  Students‘ Rating of Their Teachers

  爱心:Love is a kind of emotional strength, which can support us no
matter how dark the world around us becomes and how hard the way ahead
will be。

  1. 学生给老师打分已经普遍 

  替换词friendship; knowledge; family; diligence; insisting;
determination; optimism; harmony

  2. 人们对其持不同态度 

  替换词:合作精神;勤奋;友谊;家庭;坚持;决心;乐观;和谐——the
greatest humanistic spirit

  3. 我的看法

  …是我们时代的主题(the theme of our era)

  预测三 Should We Help Strangers?  

  流行与时尚 fashionable

  1. 有人认为帮助陌生人是一种美德;  

  网络:Internet is a kind of great invention in the 20th century,
which can make the peoplefar away from each other in distance closer
than ever before。

  2. 有人却认为帮助陌生人会给自己带来麻烦和危险; 

  空调:Air-conditioner is a kind of invention in the 20th century,
which can make the temperature comfortable。

  3. 我认为……

  总结:主题词发出两个动作:性质+能力

  观点对比类议论文 

  看到图怎么办?

  第一段:引出主题+一方观点      第二段:另一方观点      第三段:个人观点 

  非限定性定语从句——正如这幅第一眼看上去诙谐可笑但第二眼看上去发人深省的图画生动地描述,给我印象最为深刻的显著特征是……

  第一段:首句 

  As is vividly depicted in the picture which seems to be humorous and
ridiculous but thought-provoking on the second thoughts, the most
striking feature that impresses me profoundly is that Spring, one of the
realest men throughout the history of mankind all around the whole world
that I have ever seen in my entire life, who is thebest that there ever
was and the best that there ever will be, is a good teacher that is
momentous and fundamental to anyone who want to win the future what the
light is vital and significant to the people who desire to break through
the dark,and that can support us to realize our vision and achieve our
goals no matter how dark the world around us becomes and how hard the
way ahead will be, because without him, we could have done nothing,
including dream, success, hope and future。

  ①万能句型:What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the
phenomenon that …

  预测一A Harmonious Dormitory Life

  “网络的利与弊” Most of individuals spend too much time on their
computer terminal rather than relating to people in the real world。

  预测二Students’ Rating of Their Teachers

  “环境污染” What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the
phenomenon that the environment of tourist areas is polluted by
tourists。

  预测三Should We Help Strangers?

  万能句型:The phenomenon of … has been known for years.
某种现象或问题普遍存在或由来已久。

  预测四Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of private school

  The problem of tourist pollution has been known for years in today’s
China。

  预测五Disasters(negative attitudes or positive attitudes)

  “追星” The phenomenon of idolatry has been known for years in
today’s China。

  观点对比类议论文A or B?

  “过度开采“ The phenomenon of overexploitation has been known for
years in today’s China。

  第一段:引出主题+一方观点 第二段:另一方观点 第三段:个人观点

  3)举一反三原则 

  第一段:首句

  第一段: ② There is no consensus of opinions among people regarding
whether + 主题句。

  ①万能句型:What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the
phenomenon that …

  ③“认为,想”怎么说?

  “网络的利与弊”Most of individuals spend too much time on their
computer terminal rather than relating to people in the real world。

  Some people hold the attitude that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  “环境污染” What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the
phenomenon that the environment of tourist areas is polluted by
tourists。

  Some individuals are under the impression that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  万能句型:The phenomenon of …has been known for years.
某种现象或问题普遍存在或由来已久。

  ④原因如下:1,2,3…The reasons can be listed as follows。

  The problem of tourist pollution has been known for years in today’s
China。

  Firstly…

  “追星” The phenomenon of idolatry has been known for years in
today’s China。

  Secondly…

  “过度开采“ The phenomenon of overexploitation has been known for
years in today’s China。

  Thirdly…

  ②There is no consensus of opinions among people regarding whether +
主题句。

  第二段:另一方观点

  ③“认为,想”怎么说?

  ①观点对比之间的过渡句

  Some people hold the attitude that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every coin has its two sides”。

  Some individuals are under the impression that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every sword has its two edges。”

  ④原因如下:1,2,3…The reasons can be listed as follows。

  ② 提出另一方观点:On the contrary, others are under the impression
that…

  Firstly…

  ③ 分论点:There are some reasons behind this attitude。

  Secondly…

  For one thing… 

  Thirdly…

  For another…

  第二段:另一方观点

  第三段: 你认为…

  ①观点对比之间的过渡句

  ★表明立场

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every coin has its two sides”。

  ① From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the former
opinion rather than the latter one。

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every sword has its two edges。”

  ★得出结论

  ② 提出另一方观点:On the contrary, others are under the impression
that…

  ② From what has been discussed above, we may naturally arrive at the
conclusion that…

  ③ 分论点:There are some reasons behind this attitude。

  ★喊口号

  For one thing…

  ③Generally speaking, it is high time that we placed great emphasis
on this issue. That is to say, further attention is to be paid to this
issue。

  For another…

  ★谈措施

  第三段: 你认为…

  ④Only through effective actions that has been taken can we prevent
this trend。

  ★表明立场

  应用文(书信):

  ①From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the former
opinion rather than the latter one。

  1.信息点的覆盖2.内容的组织 3.语言的准确性 4.格式 5.语域的恰当

  ★得出结论

  课程内容:

  ②From what has been discussed above, we may naturally arrive at the
conclusion that…

  1. 写作格式    2. 书信结构    3. 套语汇总

  ★喊口号

  1. 写作格式

  ③Generally speaking, it is high time that we placed great emphasis
on this issue. That is to say, further attention is to be paid to this
issue。

  1.1 顶格式写法

  ★谈措施

  Dear XXX,

  ④Only through effective actions that has been taken can we prevent
this trend。

  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  问题阐释:What caused this problem, and what solutions can solve
this problem?

  Yours sincerely,

  第一段:背景主题

  Liming 

  第二段:分析原因

  1.2 空格式写法 

  第三段:解决方案

  Dear XXX,

  第一段:背景主题(4句)

  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  ①In this age of change, the human society is progressing rapidly on
various fronts。

  Yours sincerely,

  ②Yet at the same time, many problems have arisen, a serious one of
which is …

  Liming 

  ③This issue has drawn widespread attention。

  2. 书信结构

  ④In this essay, I will analyze some possible causes of this
phenomenon and then propose some solutions。

  2.1 称呼     2.2 正文     2.3 结束语     2.4 签名及落款

  第二段:分析原因(4句)

  2.1 称呼

  ①It is obvious that the causes of this issue are diverse。

  (1)正式的称呼–收信人是某个领导或者是上司

  ②In the first place, … is the root cause of this crisis。

  Dear Mr. XXX或者Dear Ms. XXX

  ③In the second place, … constitutes a major cause of this
situation。

  (2)不正式的称呼–收信人是朋友或者熟人

  ④Finally, … plays a pivotal role in this problem

  Dear +given name

  第三段:解决方案(4句)

  2.2 正文

  ①Accordingly, the solution to this problem should be varied as
well。

  1) 7~10个句子;3~5个关联词;3~5个从句

  ②To begin with, governments and relevant administrations should take
effective measures and spare no effort to control this problem。

  2) 第一段:2句;自我介绍+表明目的

  ③What is more, it is necessary to raise people’s awareness of…

  第二段:3~6句;解释说明+具体阐述

  ④Only when these practical measures are taken can this problem be
dealt with step by step and gone with the wind。

  第三段:2句;表示感谢+期盼回信

  以上就是四六级考试中作文部分的拿分策略,祝大家取得好成绩!

  2.3 结束语

  (1)写给团体、组织、机构:     Yours faithfully,

  (2)写给老板、上司、老师:    Yours sincerely,

  (3)写给好朋友,熟人等等:    Kind regards, Best wishes,

  2.4 签名及落款:永远的“李明”

  3. 套语汇总

  扫头扫尾

  告知对方你的身份

  “我是…”或“我的名字叫…”

  I am … or My name is …=> This letter comes to you from a student
named …

  表明写信目的

  表示“告诉某人某事”?

  Tell =>Convey; Inform; Explain; Express; Extend

  感谢,不满,歉意,邀请 …

  Gratitude Wonder Dissatisfaction Apology Invitation

  万能句式:

  (1) I am writing to you to express my gratitude … 

  (2) The purpose of my letter is to convey my dissatisfaction… 

  (3) The reason why I write this letter is to extend my apology…

  2. 结尾段

  (1)表示感谢(2)提出要求(3)期盼回信

  (1)表示感谢的句型

  ① 我对您能读我这封信的感激之情无以言表。

  Words fail me when I want to express my gratitude to you for reading
through this letter。

  (2)表示期待的句型

  在你方便地时候请尽早给我们答复。

  Kindly let us have your reply at your earliest convenience. 

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