新浪教育[微博]讯:2014年12月20日上午英语四级考试已经结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪教育第一时间收集整理不同版本试题,供考生参考,以下是长沙新东方提供的2014年12月英语真题及点评:

  新浪教育[微博]讯:2014年12月20日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题及参考答案,供考生参考,以下是12月大学英语四级仔细阅读原文及答案解析(文都版):

  本文选自周思成的博客,查看原文点击此处

  [原文]

  四级翻译(长沙新东方冀希)

  Passage 1

  越来越多的年轻人正对旅游产生兴趣,这是近年来的新趋势。年轻游客数量的不断增加,可以归因于他们迅速提高的收入和探索外部世界的好奇心。随着旅行多了,年轻人在大城市和著名景点花的时间少了,他们反而更为偏远的地方所吸引。有些人甚至选择长途背包旅行。最近的调查显示,很多年轻人想要通过旅行体验不同文化、丰富知识、拓宽视野。

  New Yorkers, albeit many of themgrudgingly, are gradually getting
used to more pedaling passengers on thoseblazing blue Citi Bikes.But
whatabout local bike shops? Is Citi Bike rolling up riders at their
expense ? AtGotham Bikes in Tribeca, a manager who gave his name as “Ben
W。” said the shophas seen an increase in its overall sales due to the
bike-share program。

  It is a new trend in recent years that interest in travelof youths
has increasingly arisen. The growing number of youngertourists is due to
the fast improvement of their income and thecuriosity to explore the
external world. With their more and morejourneys , time is spent less in
big cities or famous attractionsand more in remote areas. Some even
choose to go backpacking.According to a recent survey, many young people
would like toexperience different cultures, to enrich their knowledge
and towiden their vision through travel。

  “It’s getting more people on the road, more peoplelearning about the
sport and getting involved,” he said。

  假日经济的现象表明:中国消费者的消费观正在发生巨大变化。根据统计数据,中国消费者的消费需求正在从基本生活必需品转向对休闲、舒适和个人发展的需求。同时,中国人的消费观在蓬勃发展的假日经济中正变得成熟。因此产品结构应作相应调整,来适应社会的发展。另一方面,服务质量要改善,以满足人们提高生活质量的要求。

  An employee at Danny’s Cycles in Gramercy said Citi Bikeis a good
option for people to ease into biking in a city famed for its
vehicularcongestion and aggressive drivers。

  The phenomenon of holiday economy shows that theconsumption concept
of Chinese is experiencing huge changes.According to statistics, the
demands of Chinese consumers aretransferring from basic necessities to
relaxation, comfort andpersonal development. Meanwhile, Chines people’s
views ofconsumption are becoming maturity during the vigorous
developmentof holiday economy. Therefore, corresponding adjustment of
thestructure of products should be made to adapt to socialdevelopment.
On the other hand, services should be improved tosatisfy people’s demand
for an improved quality of life。

  “They can try out a bike without committing to buyingone,” James
Ryan said. “It makes a more comfortable biking environment in the
citybecause there are a lot more bikes, too。”

  中国的互联网是全世界发展最快的。2010年,中国大概有4.2亿网民,而且人数还在迅速的增长,互联网的日渐流行带来了重大的社会变化,中国的网民往往不同于国外的网民,美国的网民更多的是受实际需要的驱使,用互联网为工具发电子邮件,买卖商品,科学研究,规划旅程或者付款,中国网民更多都是出于社交的原因使用互联网,因而更广泛的使用论坛、博客、聊天室等。

  Business at Danny’s Cycles has increased as well sincethe advent of
bike-share。

  All over the world, the Internet develops the most rapidly inChina.
In 2010, there are roughly 420 million people surfing theInternet in
China and the numer is increasing rapidly. The growingpopularity of the
Internet leads to great social changes. Chinesenetizens are usually
different from those in foreign countries.Netizens in America, driven by
their actual needs, consider theInternet  a tool to send e-mails, to buy
or sellgoods, to do scientific research, to plan their trips or to make
apayment. By contrast, forums, blogs or chat rooms are more widelyused
in China in that Chines citizens generally surf the Interneton the
purpose of social contact。

  “A lot of people come in for bike gear, and we’ve sold alot of
helmets,” he noted。

  大熊猫是一种温顺的动物,长着独特的黑白皮毛。因其数量极少,大熊猫已经被列为濒危物种。大熊猫对于世界自然基金会(WWF)有着特殊意义。自1961年该基金会成立以来,大熊猫就一直是它的徽标。大熊猫是熊科中最稀有的成员,主要生活在中国西南部的森林里。目前大约有1000只大熊猫。这些以竹为食的动物正面临许多威胁。因此,确保大熊猫的生存比以往更重要。

  Rentals are not a big part of the business at eitherGotham Bikes or
Danny’s Cycles. But for Frank’s Bike Shop, a small businessthat has been
at its current Lower East Side location on Grand St. since1976,the
bike-share program has been bad news. Owner Frank Arroyo said that
hisrental business has decreased by 90 percent since the Citi Bikes were
rolledout last month。

  Pandas, with special black and white fur, are mild animals. Theywere
listed as endangered species due to their little amount. Thepanda has an
unusual meaning to WWF because the picture of a pandahas always been the
logo of the foundation since it established in1961. Being the rarest
member in bear family, the panda live mostlyin the forest in
southwestern China. At present, there are roughly1000 pandas. These
animals, which feed on bamboo, are facing plentyof threats. As a result,
it it more crucial than ever to ensure theexistence of pandas。

  Arroyo’s main rental customers are European tourists, ademographic
that has since been drawn away by Citi Bikes. Initially, a
bike-sharestation was sited a few doors away from Frank’s Bike Shop on
the corner ofGrand and Henry Sts. But a petition onmoveon.org to
relocate the bike stationgathered more than 1,000 signatures. The Citi
Bike dock was eventually removed— but only temporarily, according to the
Citi Bike Twitter account, for utilityconstruction in the street。

  四级阅读(长沙新东方 罗文婷 任伟伟)

  “I was grateful, and it was quite an honor to see howmany people
responded on my behalf,” Arroyo said of the petition effort. “It
wasreally nice to see that people care. But they have flooded the place
withthem,” he said of the Department of Transportation, which installs
the bikeracks。

  Passage 1 (长沙新东方 罗文婷)

  Removing one station does little since the area isoverloaded with
Citi Bike stations, said Arroyo。

  New Yorkers are gradually getting used to more pedalingpassengers on
those blazing blue Citi Bikes. But what about localbike shops? Is Citi
Bike rolling up riders at their expense? AtGotham Bikes in Tribeca, a
manager who gave his name as “Ben W。”said the shop has seen an increase
in its overall sales due to thebike-share program. “It’s getting more
people on the road, morepeople learning about the sport and getting
involved,” he said. Anemployee at Danny’s Cycles in Gramercy said Citi
Bike is a goodoption for people to ease into biking in a city famed for
itsvehicular congestion and aggressive drivers. “They can try out abike
without committing to buying one,” James Ryan said。

  “If you put it in front of a hotel, customers are goingto walk of
the hotel and use it,” he said。

  Rentals are not a big part of the business at eitherGotham Bikes or
Danny’s Cycles. But for Frank’s Bike Shop, a smallbusiness that has been
at its current Lower East Side location onGrand St. since 1976, the
bike-share program has been bad news.Owner Frank Arroyo said that his
rental business has decreased by90 percent since the Citi Bikes were
rolled out lastmonth。

  However, Ben said the bike-share is good for bike salesat his shop。

  However, Ben said the bike-share is good for bike sales athis shop.
“People have used the bike-share and realized how greatit is to bike in
the city, then decide that they want somethingnicer for themselves,” he
noted。

  “People have used the bike-share and realized how greatit is to bike
in the city, then decide that they want something nicer for
themselves,”he noted。

  Christian Farrell of Waterfront Bicycle Shop, on West St.just north
of Christopher St., said initially he was concernedabout bike-share,
though, he admitted, “I was happy to see peopleon bikes。”

  Christian Farrell of Waterfront Bicycle Shop, on West St.just north
of Christopher St., said initially he was concerned about
bike-share,though, he admitted, “I was happy to see people on bikes。”

  Farrell’s early concerns were echoed by Andrew Crooks,owner of NYC
Velo, at 64 Second Ave. “It seemed like a great idea,but one that would
be difficult to implement,” Crooks said of CitiBike. He said he worried
about inexperienced riders’ lack ofawareness of biking rules and
backlash from non-cyclists. However,he said, it’s still too early to
tell if his business has beenimpacted。

  Consisting of equal parts tourists and locals, hiscustomers get a
better rental deal at his shop because, despite charging only$10for a
daily rental, the bike-share program requires cyclists to check
theirbikes in at a bike station every half hour. His store, on the other
hand,charges $10 for the first hour, $5 for the second, and $2.50 per
hour afterthat。

  While it’s possible bike-share will cause a drop inbusiness in the
long run, Crooks allowed that the idea, as a whole,is good for the
city。

  “Six hours with Waterfront Bicycle Shop will cost acustomer $25,” he
said. “With Citi Bike, a six-hour rental will cost $126 [ifthe rider
doesn’t re-dock his or her bike at a station every half hour].
Ourrentals always include a helmet, a basket and a lock。”

  56题 B

  Several dozen rental bikes were lined up on Weehawken St.last Sunday
behind the store. Benny, who was watching over them, said
anotheradvantage over the Citi Bikes is that Waterfront’s bikes are all
in goodworking order。

  题干意思是:对于在纽约逐渐提升的Citi
Bikes的使用,作者最为关心的是什么。定位词为CitiBikes,因为是第一题,按顺序原则先定位到第一段第一句。第一句陈述了在纽约CitiBikes的使用渐渐被人们所习惯,是原文的同义改写。按照金三句原则,看定位句的下一句But
what about local bikeshops? Is Citi Bike rolling up riders at their
expense?作者立马关心起local bike
shops,而且问到了CitiBikes是否收费的问题,答案选B 

  Farrell’s early concerns were echoed by Andrew Crooks,owner of
NYCVelo, at 64 Second Ave。

  57题 C

  “It seemed like a great idea, but one that would bedifficult to
implement,” Crooks said of Citi Bike. He said he worried about
inexperiencedriders’ lack of awareness of biking rules and backlash from
non-cyclists.However, he said, it’s still too early to tell if his
business has beenimpacted。

  定位词为大写人名Gotham,题干意思是:自行车共享计划后Gotham的车行发生了什么。题干当中的as
aresult
of表示因果关系,我们要找到自行车共享计划对gotham的商店带来的一个结果。定位在第一段的第三行,
GothamBikes的一个manager说道 “the shop has seen an increase in its
overallsales due to the bike-share program。” 定位句中的due
to(因为)是原文as a
resultof的取反改写,我们要找的是结果,看到dueto前面的部分——商店已经看到在他们的整体销量的一个提升。答案选C选项。

  The actual Citi Bikes themselves have been criticized as“heavy,”
“clunky,” even “ugly。” In comparison, Crooks said NYC Velo has
bikesthat are “lighter, faster and tend to be more comfortable。”
Farrell ofWaterfront also said his bikes are of “better quality” than
the bike-sharetwo-wheelers。

  58题 B

  While it’s possible bike-share will cause a drop inbusiness in the
long run, Crooks allowed that the idea, as a whole, is good forthe
city。

  题干意思是:为什么自行车共享计划对于Frank’s
BikeShop来说是坏消息的?要找到一个原因。定位词是大写名词Frank’s
BikeShop,定位到原文第二段第三行。定位句本身只是陈述事实,看定位词的下一句找原因。F店的店主说道since
the CitiBikes were rolled out last month。因为自行车共享计划的推行,his
rental businesshas decreased by 90
percent,他的rentalbusiness租借生意下降了百分之九十。答案选B,顾客都被Citi
Bikes拉走了,就没人来租自行车了。

  [原文解读]

  59题 A

  该文节选自The Villager,原题目为Bike store owners put theirspin on
new
bike-share,题材为议论文。主要内容是花旗自行车共享计划的推出给自行车商店带来了一定的影响。有些商家的自行车销售量因此而上升,市民也觉得在城市里骑车非常棒。但对于一些小规模的店家来说,花旗自行车共享计划的推出使得他们的自行车租赁量大幅减少。但总体来说,自行车商店对花旗自行车还是持积极态度的。

  题干意思是:为什么Andrew
Crooks认为自行车共享计划难以执行?定位到文章第五段。第三句:He saidhe
worried about inexperienced riders’ lack of awareness of bikingrules and
backlash from
non-cyclists。他担心经验不足的骑行者缺乏对骑行规则的意识以及来自非骑行者的反对。他的担心有两点,在答案中找到任何一点就可以,答案选A。经验不足的骑行者会破坏骑行规则。

  本文整体难度较小,多为信息定位题,考生切记忌主观臆断,一定要有据可依,做题时回到原文找对应信息,做到心中有数。

  60题 D

  [题目解析]

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