2013年上半年的四级考试已结束,以下是对四级阅读的解析及指导,希望能对即将参加四级考试的考生有所帮助。

  第一部分:作文预测

  这次四级仔细阅读考试出题上依旧遵循之前的基本原则:依照原文自然顺序出题、多以考察细节信息的理解为主、喜欢考察转折等重要逻辑现象处的信息、正确选项基本都是原文有明显来源的改写或是替换后的说法、错误选项迷惑性不强。文章选自《洛杉矶时报》等欧美主流网站,话题与我们日常生活还是比较接近、不难看懂。文字难度与近两年四级基本相近,但可以看出对考生的单词掌握和阅读长句的能力要求较高。不过若是之前系统准备近些年四级阅读的同学,对这次四级阅读考试的文章应不会感觉特别吃力。

  大作文图片类型:1. 柱形图; 2. 曲线图、统计表格、饼形图

  下面我们对这次四级考试的几篇典型的仔细阅读进行简单的解析,供大家参考和体会。

  预测话题包括:1. 网络类(网购、微博、微信等新现象);2.
环境类(交通状况、动物/资源保护等)

  PassageOne

  应用文考察类型:书信

  Junk food is everywhere. We’re eating waytoo much of it. Most of us
know what we’re doing and yet we do it anyway。

  预测书信种类:建议信、道歉信、请求信、询问信、邀请信、申请信

  So here’s a suggestion offered by tworesearchers at the Rand
Corporation: Why not take a lesson from alcohol controlpolicies and
apply them to where food is sold and how it’s displayed?

  第二部分:部分预测作文范文(跨考教育[微博]英语教研室张莹[微博]老师提醒同学们,划线部分为建议背诵句型,括号内容为可以替换内容)

  ”Many policy measures to controlobesity (肥胖症)assume that people
consciously and rationally choose what and howmuch they eat and
therefore focus on providing information and more access tohealthier
foods,” note the two researchers。

  大作文预测话题一:网络类(网购、微博、微信等新现象)

  ”In contrast,” the researcherscontinue, “many regulations that don’t
assume people make rational choiceshave been successfully applied to
control alcohol, a substance — like food –of which immoderate
consumption leads to serious health problems.”

图片 1作文素材

  The research references studies of people’sbehavior with food and
alcohol and results of alcohol restrictions, and thenlists five
regulations that the researchers think might be promising if appliedto
junk foods. Among them:

  What is explicitlydemonstrated in the above chart is the sales
changes of online shopping indomestic market over the period from 2011
to 2015. The turnover of e-commerce

  Density restrictions: licenses to sellalcohol aren’t handed out
unplanned to all comers but are allotted (分配)based onthe number of
places in an area that already sell alcohol. These make alcoholless easy
to get and reduce the number of psychological cues to drink。

  saw a substantial gain from approximately 800 billion in 2011 to

  Similarly, the researchers say, beingpresented with junk food
stimulates our desire to eat it. So why not limit thedensity of food
outlets, particularly ones that sell food rich in emptycalories? And why
not limit sale of food in places that aren’t primarily foodstores?

  2500 billion in 2014. Surprisingly, it is predicted that the figure
willcontinue to soar dramatically to roughly 3400 billion in2015.

  Display and sales restrictions: Californiahas a rule prohibiting
alcohol displays near the cash registers in gasstations, and in most
places you can’t buy alcohol at drive-through facilities.At
supermarkets, food companies pay to have their wares in places where
they’reeasily seen. One could remove junk food to the back of the store
and ban themfrom the shelves at checkout lines. The other measures
include restrictingportion sizes, taxing and prohibiting special price
deals for junk foods, andplacing warning labels on the products。

  We can easily recognize itsadvantages as follows: e-commerce, which
isextremely convenient, can save us a great amount of precious time and
we canbuy products everywhere you want as long as we can surf online.
However, forall the advantages mentioned above, online trading is by no
means without itslimitations as listed below: we may be cheated by some
online retailers,which might be a potential threat to our bank
accounts。

  57. What does the author say about junkfood?

  Accordingly, it isimperative for us to take drastic measures. For
one thing, we should appeal tothe authorities to make strict
legislations to severely punish those who deliberately spoil
theinterests of online customers. For another, we should enhance the
awarenessof residents that rational purchasing is conducive to our
incomemanagement. Only in this way can we maximize the merits and
minimize thedemerits of online purchasing。

  A) People should be educated not to eat toomuch。

  大作文预测话题二:环境类(交通状况、动物/资源保护等)

  B) It is widely consumed despite its illreputation。

图片 2作文素材

  C) Its temptation is too strong for peopleto resist。

  Here is a table, telling us an interesting phenomenon. Thereis no
doubt that the table displays accidents in one Chinese city. Asis
clearly depicted, drivers turning left without due care cause the
mostaccidents in this city and the percentage of drivers driving under
theinfluence of alcohol enjoys the biggest rise in 2005. Obviously,
thedifference manifested by the table should be given more concern。

  D) It causes more harm than is generallyrealized。

  What might trigger this affair? For onepart, the general public have
failed to realize the importance of abiding bythe traffic regulations
and laws (and a big deal of the attention have been distracted by the
so-called “great affair”。) Once some driverseasily disregard the
traffic signals, so do other drivers who intend to obeythe laws.
Moreover, the current state of affairs depicted in the drawing,may have
been encouraged, though not justified, by the lack of severe
legalpenalty。

  答案:B

  It is advisable for us to take steps toreverse this current evil
trend. On one hand, we should cultivate the awarenessof people .On the
other hand, it is high time that more severe and sound lawsand
regulations should be introduced to harness and curb this matter. Only
inthis way, can we crack the hard nut and embrace a bright future。

  【解析】披着细节题皮的推理题:关于垃圾食品作者说了啥?关键词Junk
food定位到第一段:Junk food is everywhere. We’re eating way toomuch of
it. Most of us know what we’re doing and yet wedo it
anyway。垃圾食品满天飞,吃来吃去太长肥。虽知其害仍不舍,要肥大家一起肥。B的意思是垃圾食品名声虽恶还是被广泛消费,契合原文。另一条思路就是,yet和anyway体现的逻辑相反关系只有B能涵盖了。

图片 3作文素材

  58. What do the Rand researchers think ofmany of the policy measures
to control obesity?

 

  A) They should be implemented effectively。

  As is seen from the two graphs, it is clear that with the
rapidgrowth of U.S. population from 1800 to 1990, the number of
itswildlife species no longer existing soared during the same period.
Naturally,we can draw the conclusion that the sharp decline of wildlife
speciesresulted from the population growth。

  B) They provide misleading information。

  At leastthree fundamental factors could contribute to this
phenomenon. To begin with,

  C) They are based on wrong assumptions。

  as the population grows, people consume much more naturalresources,
which often leads to excessive hunting. To continue, withthe increase of
human activities, modern people take up more andmore space, which has an
undesirable impact on other species. Finally,

  D) They help people make rational choices。

  the problem of pollution becomes more and more serious with the
developmentof modern industry. More and more animals have to adapt
themselves to thedecaying environment or move to a totally different
place, but not all of themare fortunate enough to survive the changes. 

  答案:C

  Solving this problemcalls for, above all, the government’s efforts
to control population growth,

  【解析】推理题:关于肥胖控制的很多政策,Rand研究者怎么看?这篇文章最难的一题。由画线关键词定位至第三、四段(都有Rr的发言,表观点)。

  to decrease industrial pollution and to enhance the laws to
forbidwildlife hunting. Moreover, common citizens should be aware of
thisecological crisis and take on the responsibility of wildlife
protection。

  So here’s a suggestion offered by two researchers at the
RandCorporation: Why not take a lesson from alcohol control policies and
apply themto where food is sold and how it’s displayed?” Many policy
measures to control obesity (肥胖症)assumethat people consciously and
rationally choose what and how much they eat andtherefore focus on
providing information and more access to healthier foods
很多控制肥胖症的政策都是假设人们能够有意识且理性地选择吃什么、怎么吃……【这句话本身无用】”
note the two researchers。

  In a word, only when the government and the common people make joint
effortscan we hope to find a satisfactory solution to protect wildlife.
 

  ”In contrast相反【逻辑线索出现】,” the researchers continue, “many
regulations that don’tassume people make rational choices have been
successfully applied to controlalcohol
那些没有假设人们会作出理智选择的法规却成功控酒, a substance — like
food — of which immoderate consumption leadsto serious health
problems.”

  书信作文预测:建议信、道歉信、请求信、询问信、邀请信、申请信

  一个“相反”后的成功说明,很多控制肥胖症的政策失败,他们是要做出是负面评价。C的意思正巧是,控肥政策是基于错误假设。

  建议信:

  59. Why do policymakers of alcohol controlplace density
restrictions?

  Write a letter toyour university canteen, making suggestions for
improving its service. Youshould write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET

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